Taxonomy


Small Carpenter Bees (Ceratina): A Fascinating Dive into the World of Small Bees

Overview: Small Carpenter Bees, belonging to the Ceratina genus, are a group of fascinating insects that contribute significantly to our ecosystems. These tiny creatures play a vital role in pollination and are an essential part of the intricate web of biodiversity.

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  • Pollen Carrying Method:
  • Foraging:
  • Size:
  • Average Length: mm
  • Body Type:
  • Coloring:
  • Pattern:
  • Sociality:
  • Wings:
  • Eyes:
  • Mandibles:
  • Sting:
  • Tarsal Claws:
  • Abdomen:
  • Antennae:
  • Hair:
  • Colorado Native:
Additional Notes:

Identification Tips:

Etymology:

The name Ceratina is derived from the Greek word “keras,” meaning horn or claw, which refers to the small spines present on their hind tibia. Small Carpenter Bees got their common name due to their habit of excavating and nesting in plant stems, hence resembling the work of a carpenter.

Physical Characteristics:

Identifiable Traits: Small Carpenter Bees display diverse physical characteristics that vary among different species within the genus. Their body shapes can range from Bombiform, Euceriform, Megachiliform, Apiform, Hylaeiform, Andreniform, to Epeoliform. They come in a myriad of colors like yellow, black, white, red, orange, metallic, green, gold, and dark brown. These bees have medium-length antennae and are often covered in dense, short hair across their thorax, legs, and abdomen, making them appear furry. Their abdomen may feature striped or solid patterns, contributing to their distinct appearance.

Small Carpenter Bees are typically small, ranging in size from a few millimeters to around one centimeter. They possess delicate, transparent wings that allow them to navigate with agility. Their eyes are compound, offering them a wide field of vision to detect predators and potential food sources. These bees have mandibles for various tasks, including foraging and carving nest sites. Additionally, they have a modified ovipositor that serves as a sting for defense.

When it comes to pollen collection, Small Carpenter Bees have specialized structures on their legs and bodies that aid in carrying pollen from flower to flower. Their Tarsal Claws are essential for gripping surfaces while foraging and building nests.

Ecological Significance:

Small Carpenter Bees play a crucial role in pollination, particularly for small flowers that larger bees may overlook. By visiting a wide range of plant species, these bees contribute to the health of ecosystems by facilitating plant reproduction.

Location/Region:

Small Carpenter Bees can be found worldwide, inhabiting diverse habitats from forests to urban gardens. They are particularly abundant in temperate regions where suitable nesting sites are prevalent.

Social Behavior:

Small Carpenter Bees are solitary insects, with each female constructing and provisioning her own nest. While they are not social in the traditional sense, these bees often nest in close proximity to one another, creating a loose aggregation of individuals.

Nesting Practices:

These bees build their nests inside plant stems or in pre-existing cavities, utilizing their mandibles to excavate the substrate. The female constructs cells within the nest, where she lays eggs and provisions them with pollen for the developing larvae to feed on.

Floral Specialization:

Small Carpenter Bees exhibit varying degrees of floral specialization, with some species preferring to forage on specific plant species. This specialization can have implications for both the bees and the plants they visit, influencing their mutualistic relationships.

Natural Predators:

Small Carpenter Bees face threats from a range of predators, including birds, spiders, and insects. By being vigilant and utilizing their sting for defense, these bees can protect themselves from potential threats.

Conservation Status:

While specific data on the conservation status of individual Small Carpenter Bee species is relatively scarce, maintaining biodiversity and preserving natural habitats are critical for ensuring the continued existence of these important pollinators.

Human Impact:

Human activities, such as habitat destruction, pesticide use, and climate change, pose significant challenges to Small Carpenter Bees and other pollinators. By promoting sustainable practices and creating pollinator-friendly habitats, we can help support the well-being of these vital insects.

Interesting Facts:

  • Small Carpenter Bees are known for their precision in constructing nest cells, with each cell containing a single egg and a supply of pollen.
  • Some species of Small Carpenter Bees exhibit iridescent colors, adding to their visual appeal.
  • These bees are excellent fliers, displaying remarkable agility and maneuverability in flight.

Small Carpenter Bees are a testament to the incredible diversity and beauty of the insect world. By appreciating and understanding these fascinating creatures, we can cultivate a deeper connection to the natural world and support efforts to conserve biodiversity for future generations.

References:

  1. Scientific Study 1
  2. Scientific Study 2

Small Carpenter Bees

  • Name: Ceratina
  • Rank: genus
  • The cosmopolitan bee genus Ceratina, often referred to as small carpenter bees, is the sole lineage of the tribe Ceratinini, and closely related to the more familiar carpenter bees. They make nests in dead wood, stems, or pith, and while many are solitary, a number are subsocial, with mothers caring for their larvae, and in a few cases where multiple females are found in a single nest, daughters or sisters may form very small, weakly eusocial…

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ceratina

    ID: 155108

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